Review Sigma 50mm 1.4 Art

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Not long ago, we were completely bowled over by the extremely high quality of the Sigma 35 mm 1.4 Art. That applied for both image quality and construction quality. This lens shows what enormous progress some lens manufacturers have been able to achieve in design and production of lenses for digital cameras. It almost can't get any better.

Now (April 2014), a Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art has come to market as the successor of the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 EX from 2008. How do the two lenses compare to each other? At 470 grams, the 50 mm version is 2 ounces lighter than its 35 mm older brother. The suggested retail price at 879 euros is also 75 euros lower. For us, it's naturally about the construction quality and the image quality. Which Sigma Art lens is the best?

sigma 50mm14Art

Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art and Canon 5D MK3

f16bos

A bright lens doesn't only mean a faster shutter time, with which you can take more photos without flash. You also maintain in low light a beautifully clear viewfinder. Further, you of course have enormous freedom to play with the focal depth.Move your mouse over the image above.

Construction and auto focus

 

The Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art is available in Sigma, Canon, Sony and Nikon mounts. We tested a sample with a Canon mount. Sigma is one of the few manufacturers where the products are completely "Made in Japan." Sigma thinks that's important because it's easier that way to guarantee as high a quality as possible. And they're right: the construction of the Sigma 50 f/1/4 Art is of the very highest, professional level. The design is reasonably complex: it consists of 13 elements in 8 groups, including an aspherical lens and 3 SLD glass elements. The 77 mm filter size is impressive, but it's not unusual for a bright lens, certainly not on full-frame. On the lens, there is a switch for AF/MF. Manual focusing goes very well and is precise: the focus ring is perfectly muted. AF is lightning fast and silent.

The Sigma 50 mm 1.4 Art can be connected to the optional Sigma USB dock for updating firmware or optimizing the focus. This lens is also suited for Mount Conversion Service. That means that you can have this Sigma Art lens with a Canon mount fitted with another mount, if you switch to another brand's camera. 

Sigma50mmLensConstructie

Specifications
Sigma 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art
Image Stabilization:-
lenses/ groups:13/8
length x diameter:85 / 100
filter size:77
Weight:815
Lens hood:+

Vignetting

The Sigma 50 mm 1.4 Art is a relatively large lens, with a filter size of 77 mm. The great volume of glass that is applied ensures that there is little vignetting and that as much light as possible hits the sensor. There are also no bright lenses that have no vignetting at full opening on a camera with a full-frame sensor. And that applies as well to the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art: at full opening, there is visible vignetting present. It is not disturbing in most cases, and if needed, it's simple to correct with software. Sigma lenses have very precise lens correction profiles in Lightroom and Photoshop. At the time of our test, the lens correction profile for the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art was not yet available.

jpgvignet

700pxxexampleSigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art @ 400 ISO, 1/4000 sec F/1.4  This lens offers an astonishingly beautiful run from sharp to blur and a fantastic bokeh without disrupting color bokeh.
Click (2x) on the image above for a crop at 100%.

Distortion

For lenses with a fixed focal length of around 50 mm, we often find distortion of around 1%. Most lenses with a 35 mm focal length, including the Sigma 35 mm f/1.4, show even more distortion. The Sigma 50 mm 1.4 Art does, also on this point, remarkably better. The distortion is 4 times as low so that even in critical situations you won't have any trouble.

Distort

Flare

 

For those who regularly read our tests, it's no surprise that we encountered very little flaring and ghosts. Even in a night shot of a street light, the flaring is very limited, and there is just a ghost observable. Here, the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art – just like the Sigma 35 mm f/1.4 Art – has a lead on the competition.

flare

Sharpness

 

At full opening, the sharpness is both the center and the corners is extremely high. At f/4 the highest center sharpness in our Imatest measurements is reached, and at f/5.6, the highest sharpness in the corners. Actually, that's an academic discussion: where sharpness is concerned, it doesn't matter in practice which aperture you choose between f/1.4 or f/11. That is really particularly unusual, because the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art is a very bright lens.

Resolutie

This is in terms of resolution the best lens that we have tested so far on a Canon camera with a full-frame sensor.

Bright lenses show – also in the center – as a rule just a slightly less sharp image at full opening. If you want a super-sharp image, then with other lenses you have to stop down two stops. But with this lens, the only reason to stop down is a creative one: because you want to play with the background blur.

Chromatic aberration

 
This time we see an exceptional graph for the Imatest measurements for chromatic aberration. They are spectacularly low! With the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4, you will not have any trouble with blue and red edges at sharp contrast transitions in the corners of the image. Most bright lenses (<f/2.8) show color bokeh: magenta and green edges for subjects in front of and behind the point of focus. But this aberration is also controlled exceptionally well, as you can see in the practice shot below. With many bright lenses, you would see ugly magenta and green edges on places where the white dandelion is out of focus. Color boken is troublesome to correct with software and disrupts the bokeh. Here you find none of it. RAWCA
GeenkleurbokehSigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art @ 400 ISO, 1/4000 sec F/1.4

Bokeh

The bokeh of the Sigma 50 mm f/1.2 is amazingly beautiful and is among the most beautiful bokehs of all lenses, regardless of focal length or brightness.

We compared the bokeh from a lot of test shots by the Canon 50 mm f/1.2L at f/1.2L with the Sigma 50 mm at f/1.4. The first thing you see is that the bokeh of the Canon is much less round, as a consequence of vignetting. The extra brightness of the Canon doesn't result in an even more beautiful bokeh: we often had difficulty in practice shots distinguishing the bokh from the Canon at f/1.2 from the Sigma at f/1.4.

bokeh
In the test of the Canon 50 mm f/1.2, there were V-shaped light sources (sagittal coma?) visible in some shots. This property is incredibly important for astrophotography, because then points of light no longer show as round, but as V-shapes. I think this is important for other photographers as well, because it has a negative impact on the bokeh. The Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 does much better on this point.

Conclusie Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art test with Canon 5D MK3

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Look in our list of all reviewed lenses or the lenses we have reviewed with a Canon mount in order to compare the performance of this lens with other lenses.

ECWYSIWYG score: This table shows the performance of this lens if you store the files in the camera as jpg, where you have all available in-camera lens corrections applied. This score gives you for this lens/test camera combination: "What you see is what you get".
50
50
8.6
8.3
8.7
6.0
8.7
ECPure RAW score: This table shows the performance of this lens when the files are stored in the camera as RAW files. This score approaches the intrinsic quality of the combination of lens and test camera.
50
50
9.4
9.2
9.4
8.3
9.0

Advantages

  • Extremely high image quality: high sharpness, no distortion, no chromatic aberration
  • Well built
  • High brightness
  • Beautiful bokeh

Disadvantages

  • Visible vignetting at full opening (applies to practically all FF lenses)
  • Big and heavy for a standard lens

If we were already enthusiastic about the Sigma 35 mm f/1.4 Art, we're even more impressed by the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 Art.

This is the best lens that we've tested to date on a Canon camera with a full-frame sensor. That applies to both the construction quality and the image quality.

You buy a camera with a full-frame sensor because on the one hand you want to have the highest possible sharpness, and on the other hand, a lovely background blur. The Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 is a must-have standard lens for all photographers with a camera with a full-frame sensor. On both points, the Sigma 50 mm f/1.4 is simply unsurpassed. It's even a bit better than the Sigma 35 mm f/1.4 Art. Even so, the choice between the Sigma 35 mm Art and Sigma 50 mm Art is primarily determined by your personal preference for a given focal length instead of image quality. The differences in quality between these two lenses is very small. And that applies to the price as well: both deliver a quality that we until recently only thought possible for a lens of 1,500 euros or more. Both Sigmas cost half that much. They're not cheap lenses, but the price to quality ration is very, very high.

Ivo Freriks
Author: Ivo Freriks
With Camera Review Stuff I hope to make a modest contribution to the pleasure that you get from photography. By testing cameras and lenses in the same way, evluating the results and weighing up the pros and cons, I hope to help you find the right camera or lens.

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